Dr. László Körtvélyessy physicist
Candidate of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences
Flares are one of the eruptions of the Sun, similar to prominences, filaments, coronal filaments, and coronal mass ejections. The electric force was in astronomical theory taboo in the last century, therefore, the cause, the development, the filament-form, the contemporarily ejected positive particles (proton storms), the essence of all these eruptions was not understood. The accepted only force of infinite radius i.e. gravity can only attract; therefore all ejections should be either the results of thermal explosions, shock waves or magnetic fields. All three alleged causes could not explain
- the filament form (the magnetic tubes were refused in NASA @SCIENCE 2001 Nov.7)
- the accelerated motion along the filament axis (e.g. thermal ejection would cause a decelerated motion)
- the beautiful form without any deformation of the arches or radial filaments
- the fact that many solar filaments leave the Sun forever.
A big solar eruption was shown by the SOHO in 2002 July 1 when billions of tons were ejected:
In my book, The Electric Universe and in my homepage http://www.the-electric-universe.info many other problems are listed.
The solution of all these problems is that these solar eruptions are of no gases or plasma, but of the fifth state of matter, or electric state of matter in which the particles move in only one direction and not in all three dimensions as in the solid-, liquid-, gaseous- and plasma-state of matters. These ejections are non-thermal bodies. They are electrically ejected, to filament formed by the pinch effect and accelerated. The different forms of these eruptions are defined by the concentration of the positive charge, the matter, and the mass:
e.g. proton-eruption, and helium eruption (filaments of the chromosphere)
iron eruptions of different ionisation
The flares have very highly ionized iron atoms, which suggested for the non-electric astrophysics of the last century a very high temperature up to 1 gigakelvin. The imagination of a magnetic tube - consisting of parallel magnetic force lines as tube-wall - was almost impossible even without the filling of a "plasma" which would be 1000 times hotter than that of the H-bomb. Even the empty "magnetic tube" would magnetically explode due to the law: northern force line pushes northern force line.
The problem is basically solved under: http://www.5th-state-of-matter.info